|Sravasti : Teachings in the Jetavana
Sravasti is one of the eight most important pilgrimages of Buddhists.
While Lord Buddha walked from Kapilavastu in Nepal to Sarnath in Uttar
Pradesh, renounced the world and attained mahaparinirvana, he left
behind a trail of footsteps which are revered till today. Sravasti
is one such place. According to legend, it is here where Buddha confounded
his critics by making them witness a miraculous million-fold self
manifestation seated on a thousand-petalled lotus, as fire and water
emanated from his body. The prophet of peace is also said to have
spent 25 rainy seasons here, teaching people the essence of his gentle
The religious character of Sravasti derives also from the fact
that Lord Mahavira, the founder of Jainism, visited the town frequently.
Apart from this, the city also finds mention in the epics Ramayana
and Mahabharata as a prosperous city of the Kosala Kingdom. The
mythological king Sravasta, is said to have founded it.
Excavations at Sravasti have also revealed two pillars raised here
by Emperor Ashoka, the great Indian King who was largely responsible
for spreading the word of Buddhism. The pillars, which lie at the
eastern gate of Jetavana, mark Ashoka's pilgrimage to the city.
Essentially a temple town, Sravasti will take one
back in time, bring somewhat closer to the soul of a civilization
which has been there, for five thousand years, or more.
Devi Patan Temple : 28 Km. One of the most important
Shaktipeeth in the entire region, it is revered by Hindu devotees
of India and Nepal.
Shobhanath Temple : The `Shobhanath' temple is
believed to be the birth place of Jain tirthankar 'Sambhavanath',
making Shravasti an important centre for the Jains.
Maheth: Identified with the remains of the city,
Maheth covers an area of about 400 acres. Excavations have exposed
the massive gates of the city, ramparts and also the ruins of other
structures, which stand testimony to the prosperity of ancient Sravasti.
The Sobhanath Temple is located here. Pakki Kuti and Kacchi Kuti
were probably Buddhist shrines, before they were converted into
Saheth: Known primarily as the site of the Jetavana
monastery, Saheth covers an area of 32 acres. Lying about a quarter
of a mile to the south - west of Maheth, it became an important
place of pilgrimage, adorned with numerous shrines, stupas and monasteries.
The stupas belong mostly to the Kushana period, while the temples
are in the Gupta style.